Mental health, as defined by the Public Health Agency of Canada,is an individuals capacity to feel, think, and act in ways to achieve a better quality of life while respecting the personal, social, and cultural boundaries.Impairment of any of these is a risk factor for mental disorders,which are components of mental health.Mental disorders are defined as the health conditions that affect and alters cognitive functioning, emotional responses, and behavior associated with distress and/or impaired functioning.Theis used as a classification system of various mental disorders.
Mental health is associated with a number of lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, stress, drug abuse, social connections and interactions.Therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurse practitioners, or family physicians can help manage mental illness with treatments such as therapy, counseling or medication.
In the mid-19th century, William Sweetser was the first to coin the termmental hygiene, which can be seen as the precursor to contemporary approaches to work on promoting positive mental health., the fourth presidentof theand one of its founders, further defined mental hygiene as “the art of preserving the mind against all incidents and influences calculated to deteriorate its qualities, impair its energies, or derange its movements”.
In American history, mentally ill patients were thought to be religiously punished. This response persisted through the 1700s, along with inhumane confinement and stigmatization of such individuals.(18021887) was an important figure in the development of the “mental hygiene” movement. Dix was a school teacher who endeavored to help people with mental disorders and to expose the sub-standard conditions into which they were put.This became known as the “mental hygiene movement”.Before this movement, it was not uncommon that people affected by mental illness would be considerably neglected, often left alone in deplorable conditions without sufficient clothing.From 1840 to 1880, she won over the support of the federal government to set up over 30 state psychiatric hospitals; however, they were understaffed, under-resourced, and were accused of violating.