The recordedhistory of Austin, Texas, began in the 1830s when Anglo-American settlers arrived in Central Texas. In 1837 settlers founded the village of Waterloo on the banks of the, the first permanent settlement in the area. By 1839, Waterloo would adopt the nameand become the capital of the.
Austin’s history has also been largely tied to state politics and in the late 19th century, the establishment of themade Austin a regional center for higher education, as well as a hub for state government. In the 20th century, Austin’shad earned the city the nickname “Live Music Capital of the World.”With a population of over 800,000 inhabitants in 2010, Austin is experiencing a population boom. During the 2000s (decade) Austin was the third fastest-growing large city in the nation.