In, theright of revolution(orright of rebellion) is the right or duty of a people to “alter or abolish” a government that acts against their common interests and/or threatens the safety of the people without cause. Stated throughout history in one form or another, the belief in this right has been used to justify various revolutions, including the,, the, and the.
To justify their overthrowing of the earlier, the kings of the(1122256 BCE) ofpromulgated the concept known as the, thatwould bless the authority of a just ruler, but would be displeased and withdraw its mandate from a despotic ruler.The Mandate of Heaven would then transfer to those who would rule best. Chinese historians interpreted a successful revolt as evidence that the Mandate of Heaven had passed on. Throughout Chinese history, rebels who opposed the ruling dynasty made the claim that the Mandate of Heaven had passed, giving them the right to revolt. Ruling dynasties were often uncomfortable with this, and the writings of the Confucian philosopher(372289 BCE) were often suppressed for declaring that the people have the right to overthrow a ruler that did not provide for their needs.