Explain how you did, or did not, complete stages of an effective conversation
ngenerally andspecifically, thecooperative principledescribes how people achieve effectivecommunication in common social situationsthat is, how listeners and speakers act cooperatively and mutually accept one another to be understood in a particular way.
The philosopher of languageintroduced the concept in histheory, argued such:
Make your contribution such as is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged.:45
Accordingly, the cooperative principle is divided into Grice’s fourmaxims of conversation, called theGricean maximsquantity, quality, relation, and manner. These four maxims describe specificprinciples observed by people who follow the cooperative principle in pursuit of effective communication.Applying the Gricean maxims is a way to explain the link betweenand what is understood from them.
Though phrased as acommand, the principle is intended as aof how people normally behave in conversation. Lesley Jeffries and Daniel McIntyre (2010) describe Grice’s maxims as “encapsulating the assumptions that we prototypically hold when we engage in conversation.”The assumption that the maxims will be followed helps to interpret utterances that seem to flout them on a surface level; such flouting often signals unspokenthat add to the meaning of the utterance.