How did the experience of World War One lead to the development of Marxism-Leninism in Russia?
MarxismLeninismis awhich was the mainthroughout the 20th century.It was the formal name of the official state ideology adopted by the,itsin the, and various self-declaredregimes in theandduring theas well as theafter.Today, MarxismLeninism is the ideology of severaland remains the official ideology of the ruling parties of,,, andas,and ofin a.Generally, MarxistLeninists supportand, and oppose,,, and. MarxismLeninism holds that ais needed to replace. A, organised hierarchically through, would seize power “on behalf of the“, and establish a communist party-led socialist state, which it claims to represent the. The state controls the economy and, suppresses the,, and, promotesin society, and paves the way for an eventual, which would be bothand.Due to its state-oriented approach, MarxistLeninist states have been commonly referred to by Western academics as.
As an ideology and practice, it was developed byin the 1920s based on his understanding and synthesis ofand.After the death ofin 1924, MarxismLeninism became a distinct movement in the Soviet Union when Stalin and his supporters gained control of the party. It rejected the common notions among Western Marxists of, as a prerequisite for building socialism, in favour of the concept of. According to its supporters, the gradual transition from capitalism to socialism was signified by the introduction of theand the.By the late 1920s, Stalin established ideological orthodoxy among the, the Soviet Union, and the Communist International to establish universal MarxistLeninist.The formulation of the Soviet version ofandin the 1930s by Stalin and his associates, such as in Stalin’s book, became the official Soviet interpretation of,and was taken as example by MarxistLeninists in other countries. In the late 1930s, Stalin’s official textbook(1938) popularisedMarxismLeninismas a term.