Nigeria(), officially theFederal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in. It is thein; geographically situated between theto the north, and theto the south in the; covering an area of 923,769 square kilometres (356,669sqmi), with a population of over 211 million. Nigeria bordersin,in,in, andin. Nigeria is acomprisingand the, where the capital,, is located. Theis, one of the largestin the world and the
Nigeria has been home to severalandsince the second millennium BC, with thein the 15th century BC marking the first internal unification in the country. The modern state originated within the 19th century, taking its present territorial shape with the merging of theandin 1914 by. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practisingthroughin the Nigeria region.Nigeria became a formallyon October 1, 1960. It experienced a, followed by a succession of democratically elected civilian governments and, until achievingin the; thewas the first time an incumbent president had lost re-election.
Nigeria is ainhabited by more thanspeaking, all identifying with a wide variety of cultures.The three largest ethnic groups are thein,in, andin, together comprising over 60% of the total population.Theis, chosen to facilitate linguistic unity at the national level.ensuresand it is home to some of the world’s largestandpopulations, simultaneously.Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Muslims, who live mostly in the north, and Christians, who live mostly in the south;, such as those native to theand ethnicities, are in the minority