Fascism() is a form of,characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and strong regimentation of society and the economythat rose to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.The first fascist movementsduring, before.Opposed to,,, and,fascism is placed on the farwithin the traditional.
Fascists saw World War I as athat brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state, and technology. The advent ofand the total mass mobilization of society had broken down the distinction between civilians and combatants. A military citizenship arose in which all citizens were involved with the military in some manner during the war.The war had resulted in the rise of a powerful state capable of mobilizing millions of people to serve on the front lines and providing economic production and logistics to support them, as well as having unprecedented authority to intervene in the lives of citizens.
Fascists believe thatis obsolete. They regard the complete mobilization of society under aas necessary to prepare a nation for armed conflict and to respond effectively to economic difficulties.A fascist state is led by a strong leader (such as a) and agovernment composed of the members of the governing fascist party to forge national unity and maintain a stable and orderly society.Fascism rejects assertions that violence is automatically negative in nature and views, political violence and war as means that can achieve national rejuvenation.Fascists advocate a, with the principal goal of achieving(national economic self-sufficiency) throughandpolicies.The extreme authoritarianism and nationalism of fascism often manifests a belief inor a, usually synthesized with some variant oforof a demonized ““; the idea of racial purity has motivated fascist regimes to commit,,,, or forcedagainst a perceived “Other”.
Since the end ofin 1945, few parties have openly described themselves asfascist; the term is more often usedby political opponents. The descriptions oforpost-fascistare sometimes applied more formally to describe contemporary parties of the far-right with ideologies similar to, or rooted in, 20th-century fascist movements