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is a designation, created in 2000, which is used to refer to the approximately 1,400 Jewish children who were rescued fromand other Nazi-occupied or threatened European countries, and who were taken directly to the United States during the period 19341945. The phrase “One Thousand Children” only refers to those children who came unaccompanied and left their parents behind back in Europe. In nearly all cases, their parents were not able to escape with their children, because they could not get the necessary visas among other reasons. Later, nearly all these parents were murdered by the.
The(USHMM), in its on-line “Holocaust Encyclopedia,” in the article on “Immigration of Refugee Children to the United States,” recognizes this official name: the “One Thousand Children,” for this group of children.
The archives of the “One Thousand Children,” which contain much documentary material, including audio and video of both the One Thousand Children 2002 Conference, and individual interviews of OTC children, as well as many other original materials, and which all together are the fundamental reference-source, are held by the.
The OTC children were rescued by both American and European organizations, as well as by individuals.
Originally only about one thousand such children had been identified as OTC children hence the name “The One Thousand Children”. By 2017 about 1,400 have been identified.
The One Thousand Children, Inc. (OTC, Inc.) was an organization created for further welfare of the OTC children.