Israel(;:,:Ysrl;:,:Isrl), officially theState of Israel( ,Mednat Ysrl; ,Dawlat Isrl), is a country in. It is situated on theof theand the northern shore of the, andwithto the north,to the northeast,to the east, andto the southwest; it is also bordered by theof theand theto the east and west,respectively.is theandof the country,while its seat of government is in its proclaimed capital of, although.
Israel has evidence of the earliestmigrations.tribes are archaeologically attested in the region since the,while theemerged during the.Thedestroyed the northernaround 720;thewas later conquered by the,, andempires, but continued to exist in the form of.The successfulled to an independentby 110 BCE,which, however, became a client state of thein 63 BCE, following which thewas installed by 37 BCE. In 6 CE, the regions of,, andwere incorporated by theto form theof(:Iudaea).Large-scalebroke out by 66 CE, and were ultimately unsuccessful; thein Jerusalem as well as the city itself were,and.Following the failed Jewish revolts, the region was renamed by the Romans fromIudaeato.Since, thehas persisted to a certain extent over the centuries; in the 7th century CE,from thebyunder the, and remaineduntil theof 10961099;control was partly dismantled by thein 1187, but ultimately lasted until 1291. Theextended its control over theby the end of the 13th century until its defeat to thein the. During the 19th century, a national awakening among Jews led to the founding of, a movement that espouses the return of ain, also known as the. The emergence of the Zionist movement was followed by theto Palestine.