Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie, Lady Mallowan,(Miller; 15September 1890 12January 1976) was an English writer known for her 66and 14 short story collections, particularly those revolving around fictional detectivesand. She also wrote the world’s longest-running play,, which was performed in thefrom 1952 to 2020, as well as six novels under the pseudonymMary Westmacott. In 1971, she was made a Dame (DBE) for her contributions to literature.lists Christie as the best-selling fiction writer of all time, her novels having sold more than two billion copies.
Christie was born into a wealthy upper-middle-class family in, Devon, and was largely home-schooled. She was initially an unsuccessful writer with six consecutive rejections, but this changed in 1920 when, featuring detective Hercule Poirot, was published. Her first husband was; they married in 1914 and had one child before divorcing in 1928. During both World Wars, she served in hospital dispensaries, acquiring a thorough knowledge of the poisons which featured in many of her novels, short stories, and plays. Following her marriage toin 1930, she spent several months each year onin the Middle East and used her first-hand knowledge of his profession in her fiction.
According to, she remains the. Her novelis one of theof all time, with approximately 100 million copies sold. Christie’s stage playThe Mousetrapholds the world record for the longest initial run. It opened at thein the West End of London on 25November 1952, and by September 2018 there had been more than 27,500 performances. The play was closed down in March 2020 because of the.
In 1955, Christie was the first recipient of the‘s. Later that year,received anfor best play. In 2013, she was voted the best crime writer andthe best crime novel ever by 600 professional novelists of the. In September 2015,And Then There Were Nonewas named the “World’s Favourite Christie” in a vote sponsored by the author’s estate.Most of Christie’s books and short stories have been adapted for television, radio, video games, and graphic novels. More than 30 feature films are based on her work.